Since this is such a vast country there are tree Indonesia time zones. If you are staying in a Bali hotel, you are in the center or Waktu Indoneisa BagianTengah (WITA). You are east of the island of Java and west of Lombok. The archipelago includes more than 17’000 islands spread over a huge territory from East to West; and is situated between the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
We shall discuss:
The time zones are (please be careful with translation the W does not mean west).
literal translation: Time Indonesia Part West
and is Universal Time or UTC+7.
Included area: Sumatra, West and Central Kalimantan, Java with the capital Jakarta, Madura and the small islands close by.
literal translation: Time Indonesia Part Central
and is Universal Time or UTC+8.
Included area: Sulawesi, South and East Kalimantan, Bali, West and East Nusa Tenggara and all islands in their vicinity.
literal translation: Time Indonesia Part East
and is Universal Time or UTC+9
indluced area: Papua and Maluku islands
This Clock shows WIB Jakarta time. For Bali or WITA add 1 hour for eastern Indonesia WIT add 2 hours
Indonesia does not have daylight saving time. Throughout the whole year the sunrises at around 6:00 am and sets at around 6:00 pm or 18:00; there is a variation of plus or minus half hour throughout the year. There are two main seasons; the dry season from around April – September and the wet or rainy season from around October – March.
Farmers since always and everywhere observe the sun and moon for sawing and harvesting seasons. Many religions in Indonesia too use them to determine important festivals. In Bali the full moon will be celebrated with temple festivals and dances. Try to travel to Central Java and visit Borobudur or Prambanan Temples on auspicious times like that; you will be surprised at the sincerity of offerings and prayers and art, including dances.
In the Islamic calendar the position of the sun determines the prayer times and the start of the fasting day and the buka puasa or break-fast. The moon’s position also establishes the beginning and end of the fasting month; and it’s not the full moon that is important but the appearance of the new moon. And since the calendar of the moon is a bit shorter than the calendar of the sun the festivals like Idul Fithri (end of the fasting month) and Idul Adha (day of sacrifice) and the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mekka) move backwards through the years.
The Chinese calendar sets the New Year at the end of January – Mid February and depends also on the positions of sun and moon. Each year also starts a new animal of the 12 different Zodiac signs.
The Javanese, Balinese and other culture’s calendars use different calculation methods again also based on sun and/or moon.
Of Course they do! As everywhere in the world, festivals, holidays and celebration give hotels and shops the opportunity to create special menus or packages and events. Chinese New Year will be celebrated with lots of typical decorations and dances. Idul Fitri will give you the opportunity to taste typical foods. Whereas Bulan Puasa or fasting month will change the eating schedule for Moslems and you will be able to get breakfast very early in the morning.
Bali hotel life changes completely during Nyepi. Nobody is allowed into streets or along beaches. You are staying in your accommodation for 24 hours. You better make sure you have access to food and other amenities to make also this day pleasurable.
Indonesia time gives me the opportunity to reflect and explain the vastness of this amazing country; the geography and the religions, cultures and belief systems. I hope you enjoy reading this page as much as I take pleasure in writing it.
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